Tax Rates & Allowances
IntroductionOur Tax Rate Centre includes a summary of the most important tax rates and allowances for the tax year 2018/2019.
It is not intended to cover every aspect of this year's tax figures and is designed to act as overview only. No liability is accepted for any action taken or refrained from in consequence of its contents. Advice should always be sought from a professional.
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|Band & Rates||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Basic Rate - income up to||£34,500||£33,500|
|Main Basic Rate 1 3||20%||20%|
|Savings Basic Rate 4||20%||20%|
|Default Basic Rate 6||20%||20%|
|Starting rate for savings income||0%||0%|
|Starting Rate limit (saving income)||£5,000||£5,000|
|Dividend ordinary rate – for dividends otherwise taxable at the basic rate 2 5||7.5%||7.5%|
|Higher Rate - income over||£34,500||£33,500|
|Main Higher Rate 1 3||40%||40%|
|Savings Higher Rate 4||40%||40%|
|Default Higher Rate 6||40%||40%|
|Dividend upper rate – for dividends otherwise taxable at the higher rate 2 5||32.5%||32.5%|
|Additional Rate - income over||£150,000||£150,000|
|Main Additional Rate 1 3||45%||45%|
|Savings Additional Rate 4||45%||45%|
|Default Additional Rate 6||45%||45%|
|Dividend additional rate – for dividends otherwise taxable at the additional rate 2 5||38.1%||38.1%|
|Standard rate on first £1,000 of income which would otherwise be taxable at the special rates for trustees||Up to 20%, depends on the type of income||Up to 20%, depends on the type of income|
|Dividend Trust Rate||38.1%||38.1%|
|Income Tax Allowances||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Personal Allowance 7||£11,850||£11,500|
|Income limit for Personal Allowance||£100,000||£100,000|
|Income limit for married couples allowance 8||£28,900||£28,000|
|Maximum Married couple’s allowance for those born before 6 April 1935 10||£8,695||£8,445|
|Minimum Married couple’s allowance for those born before 6 April 1935 10||£3,360||£3,260|
|Blind persons allowance||£2,390||£2,320|
|Transferrable Marriage Allowance5 9||£1,190||£1,150|
|Dividend Allowance 11||£2,000||£5,000|
|Personal savings allowance for basic rate taxpayer 12||£1,000||£1,000|
|Personal savings allowance for higher rate taxpayer 12||£500||£500|
National Minimum Wage
Use the National Minimum Wage calculator to check if you’re paying a worker the National Minimum Wage or if you owe them payments from past years. The rates, below, apply from 1 April 2018.
|Category of worker||Hourly Rate|
|Aged 25 and above (national living wage rate||£7.83|
|Aged 21 to 24 inclusive||£7.38|
|Aged 18 to 20 inclusive||£5.90|
|Under 18 (but above compulsory school leaving age)||£4.20|
|Apprentices aged under 19||£3.70|
|Apprentices aged 19 and over, but in the first year of their aapprenticeship||£3.70|
Student Loan Recovery
|Rate of threshold||Figures to use 2018/2019|
|Employee earnings threshold for Plan 1||£18,330 per year
£1,527.50 per month
£352.50 per week
|Employee earnings threshold for Plan 2||£25,000 per year
£2,083.33 per month
£480.76 per week
|Student loan deductions||9%|
1. Apply to non-dividend income, including income from savings, employment, property or pensions. From 2017-18, the main rates will be separated into the main rates, the savings rates and the default rates.
2. Apply to dividend income received above the £5,000 tax-free Dividend Allowance, introduced in April 2016 to replace the Dividend Tax Credit.
3. Apply to non-savings, non-dividend income, including income from employment, property or pensions not subject to the Scottish Rate of income tax..
4. Apply to savings income.
5. Apply to dividend income received above the £5,000 tax-free Dividend Allowance, introduced in April 2016 to replace the previous Dividend Tax Credit.
6. Apply to non-savings and non-dividend income of any taxpayer that is not subject to either the Main rates or the Scottish Rates of income tax.
7. The Personal Allowance reduces where the income is above £100,000 – by £1 for every £2 of income above the £100,000 limit. This reduction applies irrespective of date of birth.
8. This age-related allowance is reduced by £1 for every £2 of income over this limit.
9. This transferable allowance is available to married couples and civil partners who are not in receipt of married couple’s allowance. A spouse or civil partner who is not liable to income tax; or not liable at the higher or additional rates, can transfer this amount of their unused personal allowance to their spouse or civil partner. The recipient must not be liable to income tax at the higher or additional rates.
10. The relief for this allowance is given at 10%..
11. From April 2016, the new Dividend Allowance means that individuals will not have to pay tax on the first £5,000 of dividend income they receive.
12. From April 2016, the new Personal Savings Allowance means that basic rate taxpayers will not have to pay tax on the first £1,000 of savings income they receive and higher rate taxpayers will not have tax to pay on their first £500 of savings income.
|Class 1 NICs: Employee and Employer rates and thresholds per week||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Weekly Lower Earnings Limit (LEL) 1||£116||£113|
|Weekly Primary Threshold (PT) 1||£162||£157|
|Weekly Secondary Threshold (ST) 2||£162||£157|
|Upper Earnings (UEL) 3||£892||£866|
|Upper Secondary Threshold for U21’s 3||£892||£866|
|Apprentice Upper Secondary Threshold (AUST) for under 25s 3||£892||£866|
|Employment Allowance (per employer)||£3,000/year||£3,000/year|
|Employee's (primary) Class 1 contribution rates|
|LEL - PT 4||0%||0%|
|PT - UEL||12%||12%|
|Maried woman's reduced rate for (primary) Class 1 contribution rates|
|Weekly earnings from between the PT and UEL||5.85%||5.85%|
|Weekly earnings from above UEL||2%||2%|
|Employer's (secondary) Class 1 contribution rates|
|Below ST 5||0%||0%|
|Above ST 5||13.8%||13.8%|
|Employer's (secondary) Class 1 contribution rates for employees under 21|
|Below UST 6||0%||0%|
|Above UST 6||13.8%||13.8%|
|Employer's (secondary) Class 1 contribution rates for Apprentices under 25|
|Below AUST 7||0%||0%|
|Above AUST 7||13.8%||13.8%|
|Class 2 NICs: Self-employed rates and thresholds per week||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Small Profits Threshold (SPT) 1||£6,205||£6,025|
|Below SPT 8||£0/week||£0/week|
|Above SPT 8 9||£2.95||£2.85|
|Special Class 2 rate for share fishermen||£3.60||£3.50|
|Special Class 2 rate for volunteer development workers||£5.80||£5.65|
|Class 3 NICs: Other rates and thresholds per week||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Voluntary contributions 1 10||£14.65||£14.25|
|Class 4 NICs: Self-employed rates and thresholds per year||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Lower Profits Limit (LPL) 1||£8,424||£8,164|
|Upper Profits Limit (UPL) 3||£46,350||£45,000|
|Below LPL 11||0%||0%|
|LPL to UPL 11||9%||9%|
|Above UPL 11||2%||2%|
|Class 1 NICs: Thresholds||Week||Month||Year|
|Lower earnings limit (LEL)||£116||£503||Â£6,032|
|Primary Threshold (PT)||Â£162||Â£702||Â£8,424|
|Secondary Threshold (ST)||Â£162||Â£702||Â£8,424|
|Upper Secondary Threshold (under 21) (UST) and Apprentice Upper Secondary Threshold (apprentice under 25) (AUST)||Â£892||Â£3,863||Â£46,350|
|Upper earnings limit (UEL)||Â£892||Â£3,863||Â£46,350|
Class 1 NICs: rates for employee (primary) contributions
|NICs category letter||Earnings at or above LEL up to and including PT||Earnings above PT up to and including UEL||Balance of earnings above UEL|
|H (Apprentice under 25)||0%||12%||2%|
|M (under 21)||0%||12%||2%|
|Z (under 21 - deferment)||0%||2%||2%|
Class 1 NICs: rates for employer (secondary) contributionsNICs deductions should not be made on earnings below the Lower Earnings Limit (LEL).
|NICs category letter||Earnings at or above LEL up to and including ST||Earnings above ST up to and including UEL / UST / AUST||Balance of earnings above UEL / UST / AUST|
|H (under 25||0%||0%||13.8%|
|M (under 21)||0%||0%||13.8%|
|Z (under 21 deferment)||0%||0%||13.8%|
1. Uprated by CPI
2. Autumn Statement 2016 announced that the Secondary Threshold would be aligned with the Primary Threshold. From April 2018 onwards, it will be uprated in line with CPI.
3. These thresholds are uprated in line with the Higher Rate Threshold to maintain alignment between the Upper Earnings Limit and Higher Rate Threshold.
4. No National Insurance contributions (NICs) are actually payable but a notional Class 1 NIC is deemed to have been paid in respect of earnings between the LEL and PT to protect contributory benefit entitlement.
5. The limit is defined as ST – Secondary Threshold
6. The limit is defined as UST – Upper Secondary Threshold
7. The limit is defined as AUST – Apprentice Upper Secondary Threshold
8. The Limit is defined as SPT – Small Profits Threshold
9. Class 2 NICs are liable to be paid by all self-employed persons with profits above the Small Profits Threshold (SPT). The self-employed may choose to pay Class 2 if their profits are below the SPT.
10. Class 3 NICs can be paid by contributors to make the year a qualifying year for the basic State Pension (new State Pension from 6 April 2016) and Bereavement Benefit purposes.
11. These limits are defined as LPL – Lower Profits Limit; and UPL – Upper Profits Limit
Tax credits, Child Benefit and Guardian's Allowance
|Working Tax Credit - £ per year (unless stated)||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Couple and lone parent element||£2,010||£2,010|
|30 hour element||£810||£810|
|Disabled worker element||£3,090||£3,000|
|Severe disability element||£1,330||£1,290|
|Childcare element of the Working Tax Credit - £ per year (unless stated)||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Maximum eligible cost for one child||£175/week||£175/week|
|Maximum eligible cost for two or more children||£300/week||£300/week|
|Percentage of eligible costs covered||70%||70%|
|Child Tax Credit - £ per year (unless stated)||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Child Tax Credit Family element||£545||£545|
|Disabled child element||£3,275||£3,175|
|Severely disabled child element||£4,600||£4,465|
|Child Benefit - £ per week||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Guardian Allowance - £ per week||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Income thresholds and withdrawal rates - £ per year (unless stated)||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|First income threshold||£6,420||£6,420|
|First withdrawal rate (per cent)||41%||41%|
|First threshold for those entitled to Child Tax Credit only||£16,105||£16,105|
|Income Fall Disregard||£2,500||£2,500|
SSP & Maternity Pay
Statutory maternity, paternity and adoption pay
|Type of payment or recovery||Figures to use 2018/2019|
|Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP) - weekly rate for first six weeks||90% of the employee's average weekly earnings|
|Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP) - weekly rate for remaining weeks||£145.18 or 90% of the employee's average weekly earnings, whichever is lower|
|Statutory Paternity Pay (SPP) - weekly rate||£145.18 or 90% of the employee's average weekly earnings, whichever is lowe|
|Statutory Adoption Pay (SAP) - for first 6 weeks||90% of employee's average weekly earnings|
|Statutory Adoption Pay (SAP) - weekly rate for remaining weeks||£145.18 or 90% of the employee's average weekly earnings, whichever is lower|
|Statutory shared parental pay (ShPP)||£145.18 or 90% of the employee’s average weekly earnings, whichever is lower|
|SMP/SPP/ShPP/SAP - proportion of your payments you can recover from HMRC||92% if your total Class 1 NICs (both employee and employer contributions) are above £45,000 for the previous tax year.
103% if your total Class 1 National Insurance for the previous tax year is £45,000 or lower
Statutory Sick PayThe same weekly Statutory Sick Pay rate applies to all employees. However, the amount you must actually pay an employee for each day they're off work due to illness (the daily rate) depends on the number of 'qualifying days' they work each week.
|SSP 2018/2019||Rate of payment or recovery (rounded in brackets)|
|Standard weekly rate||£92.05 (N/A)|
|Daily rate - employees with 1 qualifying day in the week||£92.05 (£92.0500)|
|Daily rate - employees with 2 qualifying days in the week||£46.03 (£46.0250)|
|Daily rate - employees with 3 qualifying days in the week||£30.69 (£30.6833)|
|Daily rate - employees with 4 qualifying days in the week||£23.02 (£23.0125)|
|Daily rate - employees with 5 qualifying days in the week||£18.41 (£18.4100)|
|Daily rate - employees with 6 qualifying days in the week||£15.35 (£15.3416)|
|Daily rate - employees with 7 qualifying days in the week||£13.15 (£13.1500)|
Chargeable on employees earning £8,500 or over (including benefits), and directors.
Car Benefits xxxThe taxable benefit is calculated as a percentage of the list price of the car, on the day before it was first registered, plus certain accessories. This percentage depends upon the rate at which the car emits carbon dioxide (CO2), and the fuel type.
Ultra Low Carbon Vehicles (ULEVs) are rewarded with lower BIK rates – from April 2015, plug-in hybrids are rated at 5% or 9% (depending on official CO2 emissions), and battery electric cars are rated at 5%.
4% up to a maximum of 37%, is added for diesel cars that are not certified to the Real Driving Emissions 2 (RDE2) standard. 0% is added for cars which are certified to the RDE2 standard.
|1 - 50||13%||17%|
|51 - 75||16%||20%|
|76 - 94||19%||23%|
|95 - 99||20%||24%|
|100 - 104||21%||25%|
|105 - 109||22%||26%|
|110 - 114||23%||27%|
|115 - 119||24%||28%|
|120 - 124||25%||29%|
|125 - 129||26%||30%|
|130 - 134||27%||31%|
|135 - 139||28%||32%|
|140 - 144||29%||33%|
|145 - 149||30%||34%|
|150 - 154||31%||35%|
|155 - 159||32%||36%|
|160 - 164||33%||37%|
|165 - 169||34%||37%|
|170 - 174||35%||37%|
|175 - 179||36%||37%|
|180 - 184||37%||37%|
|185 - 189||37%||37%|
|190 - 194||37%||37%|
|195 - 199||37%||37%|
|200 - 204||37%||37%|
|205 - 209||37%||37%|
|210 - 214||37%||37%|
|215 - 219||37%||37%|
Finding your CO2To find out how much CO2 your company car emits, you may wish to do one of the following: check the cars V5 Registration Document; contact your Dealer; vist the Vehicle Certification Agency Website;.
To access the HMRC Car & Fuel Benefits Calculator, please click here.
Company cars: advisory fuel ratesThese rates apply to all journeys on or after 1 December 2016 until further notice, allowing them to reflect fuel prices more quickly. For one month from the date of change, employers may use either the previous or new current rates, as they choose. Employers may therefore make or require supplementary payments if they so wish, but are under no obligation to do either. Petrol hybrid cars are treated as petrol cars for this purpose. If the employee pays for the full cost of all fuel for private journeys (usually including home to work) there will be no car fuel benefit. In all other cases the full tax charge will be due. The Car fuel benefit charge multiplier for 2018/2019 is £23,400.
|1400cc or smaller||11p||N/A||7p|
|1401cc to 2000cc||14p||N/A||8p|
|Bigger than 2000cc||22p||N/A||13p|
|Less than 1600cc||N/A||9p||N/A|
|1601cc - 2000cc||N/A||11p||N/A|
|Bigger than 2000cc||N/A||13p||N/A|
Company vansThe taxable benefit for the unrestricted use of company vans is Â£3,350 (with no reduction for older vans) plus a further Â£633 of taxable benefit if fuel is provided by the employer for private travel.
|Van and fuel charge||Van||Fuel||Total|
|Tax (20% taxpayer)||£670||£126.60||£796.60|
|Tax (40% taxpayer)||£1,340||£253.20||£1,593.20|
|Tax (45% taxpayer)||£1,507.50||£284.85||£1,792.35|
|Employer's class 1A NICs||£462.30||£87.35||£549.65|
Fuel Benefit and Van Benefit charge
|Income Tax Allowances||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Car fuel benefit charge multiplier||£23,400||£22,600|
|Van fuel benefit charge||£633||£610|
|Van benefit charge||£3,350||£3,230|
Mileage Allowances & Road Tax
Employee vehicles: mileage payments for business travel
|Type of vehicle||Rate per business mile 2017-18|
|Car||For tax purposes: 45p for the first 10,000 business miles in a tax year, then 25p for each subsequent mile.
For NICs purposes: 45p for all business miles
|Motorcycle||24p for both tax and NICs purposes and for all business miles|
|Cycle||20p for both tax and NICs purposes and for all business miles|
Passenger payments: Cars and Vans5p per passenger per business mile for carrying fellow employees in a car or van on journeys which are also work journeys for them. Only payments specifically for carrying passengers count and there is no relief if you receive less, or nothing at all.
VED bands and rates for cars first registered on or after 1 April 2018.
Autumn Budget 2017 announced that new diesel vehicles registered after 1 April 2018 that do not meet the RDE2 standard will be charged a supplement on their First Year Rate to the effect of moving up by one VED band.
|CO2 emissions (g/km)||Standard Rate||First Year Rate||First Year Rate Diesel|
VED bands and rates for cars registered on or after March 2001 but before 1 April 2017.
|VED Band||CO2 emissions (g/km)||Tax Year 2018 to 2019||Tax Year 2017 to 2018|
|N/A||Up to 100||£0||Â£0|
2018/2019 Road Tax for cars & vans registered before 1 March 2001
|Engine Size||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|1549cc and below||£155||£150|
2018/2019 Road Tax for vans registered after 1 March 2001
|Vehicle registration date||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Early Euro 4 and Euro 5 compliant vans||£140||£140|
|All other vans||£250||£240|
PensionsThe Basic State Pension applies if you are;
- a man born before 6 April 1951
- a woman born before 6 April 1953
The basic State Pension is a regular payment from the government that you can get if you reached State Pension age before 6 April 2016. To get it, you must have paid or been credited with National Insurance contributions. The most you can currently get is xx£122.30 per week. The basic State Pension increases every year by whichever is the highest of the following:
- earnings - the average percentage growth in wages (in Great Britain)
- prices - the percentage growth in prices in the UK as measured by the Consumer Prices Index (CPI)
|Basic state pension||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Single person per year||£6,549.40||£6, 359.60|
|Spouse/civil partner addition per year||£3,926||£3,811.60|
|Married couple/civil partnership total per year||£10,475.40||£10,171.20|
|Maximum age for tax relief||74||74|
|Minimum age for taking benefits||55||55|
|Lifetime allowance charge – lump sum paid||55%||55%|
|Lifetime allowance charge – monies retained||25%||25%|
|On cumulative benefits exceeding||£1,030,000||£1,000,000|
|Maximum tax-free lump sum||25%||25%|
|Money Purchase Annual Allowance||Â£4,000||Â£4,000|
New State PensionYou’ll be able to claim the new State Pension if you’re:
- a man born on or after 6 April 1951
- a woman born on or after 6 April 1953
If you reached State Pension age before 6 April 2016, you’ll get the State Pension under the old rules instead. The earliest you can get the new State Pension is when you reach State Pension age.
Your National Insurance record
You’ll usually need at least 10 qualifying years on your National Insurance record to get any State Pension. They don’t have to be 10 qualifying years in a row.
This means for 10 years at least one or more of the following applied to you:
- you were working and paid National Insurance contributions
- you were getting National Insurance credits for example if you were unemployed, ill or a parent or carer
- you were paying voluntary National Insurance contributions
If you’ve lived or worked abroad you might still be able to get some new State Pension.
You might also qualify if you’ve paid married women’s or widow’s reduced rate contributions.
Working after State Pension age
You don’t have to stop working when you reach State Pension age but you’ll no longer have to pay National Insurance. You can also request flexible working arrangements.
Tax Free Savings Accounts
|Tax year 2018 to 2019||Tax year 2017 to 2018|
|Individual Savings Account (ISA) subscription limit||Â£20,000, of which Â£4,000 can be saved into a Lifetime ISA||Â£20,000, of which Â£4,000 can be saved into a Lifetime ISA|
|Junior ISA subscription limit||Â£4,260||Â£4,128|
|Child Trust Fund (CTF) subscription limit||Â£4,260||Â£4,128|
|Group||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|Main rates for individuals||10% / 20%||10% / 20%|
|Rates for individuals (for gains on residential property not eligible for Private Residence Relief, and carried interest)||18 % / 28%||18 % / 28%|
|Main rate for trustees and personal representatives||20%||20%|
|Rate for trustees and personal representatives (for gains on residential property not eligible for Private Residence Relief)||28%||28%|
|Annual exempt amount (AEA) for individuals and personal representatives||£11,700||£11,300|
|AEA for most trustees||£5,850||£5,650|
|Rate on gains subject to entrepreneurs’ relief||10%||10%|
|Rate on gains subject to investors’ relief||10%||10%|
|Entrepreneurs’ relief: lifetime limit on gains for entrepreneurs||£10,000,000||£10,000,000|
|Investors’ relief: separate lifetime limit on gains for external investors||£10,000,000||£10,000,000|
|Level of profits||From 01/04/16||From 01/04/17||From 01/04/18|
|£0 - £300,000 - small profits rate||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|£300,001 - £1,500,000||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Marginal rate fraction||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|£1,500,001 or more – main rate||N/A||N/A||N/A|
Corporation Tax Allowances & Reliefs
|Financial Year 2016 to 2017||Financial Year 2017 to 2018||Financial Year 2018 to 2019|
|Plant and machinery: main rate expenditure||18%||18%||18%|
|Plant and machinery: special rate expenditure||8%||8%||8%|
|Annual investment allowance (AIA)||£200,000||£200,000||£200,000|
|First year allowances (e.g. for certain energy-saving/water efficient products)||100%||100%||100%|
|R&D tax credits SME scheme||230%||230%||230%|
|R&D SME payable credit||14.5%||14.5%||14.5%|
|R&D Expenditure Credit||11%||11%||12%|
|Patent Box 1||10%||10%||10%|
|Film tax relief||25%||25%||25%|
|High-end TV tax relief||25%||25%||25%|
|Videogames tax relief||25%||25%||25%|
|Open ended investment companies and authorised unit trusts 2||20%||20%||20%|
1. The Patent Box has been phased in from April 2013, with companies being able to claim 60% of the benefit in 2013 to 2014, 70% in 2014 to 2015, 80% in 2015 to 2016, 90% in 2016 to 2017 and 100% in 2017 to 2018. read more
2. For open ended investment companies and authorised unit trusts, the applicable corporation tax rate is equal to the basic rate of Income Tax.
Value Added Tax
|Vat Rates||April 2018/2019||April 2017/2018|
|Taxable Turnover Limits||Amounts|
|Registration - last 12 months or next 30 days over||£85,000 from 1 April 2018|
|Deregistration - next 12 months under||£83,000 from 1 April 2018|
|Cash accounting scheme - up to||£1,350,000|
|Optional flat rate scheme - up to||£150,000|
|Annual accounting scheme - up to||£1,350,000|
Inheritance Taxxxx From 6 April 2017, everyone has an additional £100,000 tax-free allowance to use against the value of their home.
|Residence nil rate band limit||£125,000||£100,000|
|Rate of tax on balance:|
|Chargeable lifetime transfers||20%||20%|
|Transfers on, or within 7 years of, death||40%||40%|
|Reduced Rate (1)||36%||36%|
|Years before death||0 - 3||3 - 4||4 - 5||5 - 6||6 - 7|
|Tax reduced by||0%||20%||40%||60%||80%|
|Business or interest therein||100%|
|Qualifying shareholdings in unquoted* companies||100%|
|Land, buildings, machinery, or plant used by transferor's controlled company or partnership||50%|
|Agricultural property||50% or 100%|
* Unquoted companies include those listed on AIM
- Most transfers between spouses and civil partners.
- The first Â£3,000 of lifetime transfers in any tax year plus any unused balance from previous year.
- Gifts of up to but not exceeding Â£250 p.a. to any number of persons.
- Gifts in consideration of marriage or civil partnership of: up to Â£5,000 by a parent, up to Â£2,500 by a grandparent, or up to Â£1,000 by any other person.
- Gifts made out of income that form part of normal expenditure and do not reduce the standard of living.
- Gifts to charities, whether made during lifetime or on death.
- From April 2012, a reduced rate of IHT of 36% will be introduced where 10 per cent of more of the net estate is left to charity.
Stamp Duty Land Tax – Residential Property
|Property Value||Rate (on portion of value above threshold)||Rate (on portion of value above threshold) on or after 1 April 2016 if purchase is of an additional residential property|
|0 to £125,000||0%||3%|
|£125,000 to £250,000||2%||5%|
|£250,000 to £925,000||5%||8%|
|£925,000 to £1.5 million||10%||13%|
|£1.5 million +||12%||15%|
Stamp Duty Land Tax – Non-residential Property
|Property Value||Rate on or after 17 March 2016 (on portion of value above threshold)|
|0 to £150,000||0%|
|£150,000 to £250,000||2%|
|Net Present value (NPV) of the Lease||Rate on or after 17 March 2016 (on portion of value above threshold)|
|0 to £150,000||0%|
|£150,000 to £5 million||1%|
|£5 million +||2%|
Stamp Duty Land Tax - rates for first-time buyers purchasing properties worth Â£500,000 or less
|Property Value||Rate (on portion of value above threshold) on or after 22 November 17 if purchase qualifies for first-time buyer relief|
|0 to £300,000||0%|
|£300,000 to £500,000||5%|
|£500,000 +||Standard rates above apply|
Annual tax on Enveloped Dwellings
|Property Value||Charge for tax year 2018 to 2019||Charge for tax year 2017 to 2018|
|More than £500,000 but not more than £1 million||£3,600||£3,500|
|More than £1 million but not more than £2 million||£7,250||£7,050|
|More than £2 million but not more than £5 million||£24,250||£23,550|
|More than £5 million but not more than £10 million||£56,550||£54,950|
|More than £10 million but not more than £20 million||£113,400||£110,100|
|More than £20 million+||£226,950||£220,350|
Tax Calendar check if items still valid - dates already changedy
|5||Last day of 2017/18 tax year.
Deadline for 2017/18 ISAs.
Last day to make disposals using the 2017/18 CGT exemption.
Last date for contracting back into the State Second Pension for 2017/18.
|14||Due date for income tax for the CT61 period to 31 March 2018.|
|19/22||Quarter 4 2017/18 PAYE remittance due.|
|20||Interest will begin to accrue on unpaid PAYE/NI for 2017/18.|
|30||Normal annual adjustment for VAT partial exemption calculations (monthly returns).|
|1||Start of daily penalties for 2017 online Tax Return not yet filed. Additional penalties may apply for further delay.|
|3||Quarterly submission date of P46 (Car) for quarter to 5 April.|
|19||Last day for filing forms P14, P35, P38, and P38A returns - without incurring penalties.|
|31||Last day to issue 2017/18 P60s to employees.|
|30||End of CT61 quarterly period.|
|6||Deadline for submission of Form 42 (transactions in shares and securities).
Deadline for submission of EMI40 (EMI Annual Return)
File Taxed Award Scheme Returns, file P11Ds, P11D(b)s and P9Ds. Issue copies of P11Ds or P9Ds to employees.
|14||Due date for income tax for the CT61 period to 30 June 2018.|
|19/20||Quarter 1 2018/19 PAYE remittance due.
Final date for payment of 2017/18 Class 1A NICs.
|31||Second self assessment payment on account for 2017/18.
Annual adjustment for VAT partial exemption calculations (April VAT year end).
5% surcharge on any tax unpaid for 2016/17.
Deadline for tax credit Annual Declaration (if estimated, final figures required by 31 January 2019).
|2||Quarterly submission date of P46 (Car) for quarter to 5 July.|
|31||Annual adjustment for VAT partial exemption calculations (May VAT year end.|
|30||End of CT61 quarterly period.
Last day for UK businesses to reclaim EC VAT chargeable in 2016.
|1||Due date for payment of Corporation Tax for period ended 31 December 2017.|
|5||Individuals/trustees must notify HMRC of new sources of income/chargeability in 2017/18 if a Tax Return has not been received.|
|14||Due date for income tax for the CT61 quarter to 30 September 2018.|
|19/22||Quarter 2 2018/19 PAYE remittance due.|
|31||Last day to file 2018 paper Tax Return.|
|1||£100 penalty if 2018 paper Tax Return not yet filed. Additional penalties may apply for further delay.|
|2||Quarterly submission date of P46 (Car) for quarter to 5 October.|
|30||Last day for online submission of 2018 Tax Return for HMRC to collect tax through clients’ PAYE code, where they owe less than £3,000.|
|31||Last day for non-EC traders to reclaim recoverable UK VAT suffered in the year to 30 June 2018.
End of relevant year for taxable distance supplies to UK for VAT registration purposes.
End of relevant year for cross-border acquisitions of taxable goods in the UK for VAT registration purposes.
End of CT61 quarterly period.
Filing date for Corporation Tax Return Form CT600 for period ended 31 December 2017.
|1||Due date for payment of Corporation Tax for period ended 31 March 2018.|
|14||Due date for income tax for the CT61 quarter to 31 December 2018.|
|18/22||Quarter 3 2018/19 PAYE remittance due.|
|31||First self assessment payment on account for 2018/19.
Capital gains tax payment for 2017/18.
Balancing payment - 2017/18 income tax/Class 4 NICs.
Last day to renew 2018/19 tax credits.
Deadline for amending 2016/17 Tax Return.
Last day to file the 2018 Tax Return online.
|1||£100 penalty if 2018 Tax Return not yet filed. Additional penalties may apply for further delay. Interest starts to accrue on 2017/18 tax not yet paid.|
|2||Quarterly submission date of P46 (Car) for quarter to 5 January.|
|14||Last date (for practical purposes) to request NIC deferment for 2018/19.|
|2||Last day to pay any balance of 2017/18 tax and Class 4 NICs to avoid an automatic 5% surcharge.|
|31||End of Corporation Tax financial year.
End of CT61 quarterly period.
Filing date for Corporation Tax Return Form CT600 for period ended 31 March 2018.